Sunday, 20 September 2009

Developing a home practice part 26b. Vinyasa Krama Lessons in a Yurt

Lesson Two of Four

So the first lesson had gone well, pretty much what I'd hoped for, the second lesson was going to be on the Supine sequence, my favourite. The first half of the sequence your laying on your back, a lot of leg to chest variations and desk poses, the second half is all shoulder stand variations, it's a long sequence.

We started with some some of the On your feet sequence, the side poses we'd missed from the day before and then went into the lead into the Supine sequences. All the vinyasa krama sequences have a lead in of some sort, usually a variation of the Sury namaskara or the Jump through. The Sun salutation is a little different from that in Ashtanga, here each position is held for three breaths instead of an inhale or exhale in Ashtanga. For Supine instead of coming up to standing you jump through to sitting and then lay down. Interestingly in downward dog you have your feet together and the preferred jump through is straight legged, though as with most things in VK it doesn't seem to be dogmatic. I'd learned the straight leg jump through a few months ago but hadn't practiced it that much and had lost it again. I should probably get it back, it's easier (less effort) than the 'half Kino' crossed leg, half handstand that I do and thus less chance of disturbing the breath.

Two things my notes for this lesson stress again and again are bandhas and anchoring. I'm looking at the first page of the Supine sequence now, and notice for the Pond gesture (Tatkamudra), the first pose after the lead in, 'Exhale completely. Anchor your heels, tailbone, arms and back; press down through your palms and draw in the rectum; pull in the lower abdomen in and toward your back. hold the locks for five to ten seconds.' and in the next pose the Belly twist ( Jataraarivritti) 'Anchor your pelvis, especially your tail bone.......'. Anchoring, good thing to hold in mind throughout your practice especially when you think that yoga is all about achieving stability and steadiness, mentally and physically.

We stopped at the shoulder stands leaving that section for the next lesson and moved on to some Pranayama, Kapalabhati. I tend to practice this in my Ashtanga practice just before Utpluthih (did I get that from the John Scott DVD, can't remember) but here it seemed to be practiced much slower. This is the one where you breath sharply and suddenly through your nostrils, kind of like a snort. You automatically draw in the breath in preparation for the next 'snort'. Here we did 3 rounds of 36, the first round with the hands on the knees whether in Lotus or crossed legged, the second with your hands raised and linked palms up and the third with the hands dropped back on to the shoulders with the elbows up (this seems to work best for me for some reason).

One moment in the lesson that amused me, was while laying in Savasana, after Supine. S. started to chant and I had to bite my lip to stop myself from bursting out laughing. It wasn't that I was laughing at S. but rather at myself. Here I was, laying in corpse pose, naked but for a skimpy pair of shorts in a Yurt and someone was sitting cross legged a couple of feet away fully dressed chanting over me...... if my Father could see me now.

As it happens I'd started to become interested in the chanting already having listened to some of Ramaswami's chants on his site I'd downloaded them on to my Itouch and an had been humming along for a couple of weeks. I liked S's chanting and took home a copy of Pam Hoxsey's Yoga Sutras with it's chant sheets in the back that S had lent me as I didn't have lessons the following day . He also lent me one of Ramaswami's other books 'Yoga for the Three stages of life' which may well be one of the best book ever written on Yoga, more on that another time.

Thursday, 17 September 2009

When did yoga take over my life?

I get up before dawn and do an hour and a half of Ashtanga or Vinyasa Krama followed by half hour of Pranayama, Meditation and even some chanting of the Yoga Sutras. My morning shower is shared with my yoga towel as I rinse it out for the following morning. Cycling to work I'm listening to some of Ramaswami's chants, chanting away with him cheerfully as I cycle through town.

In my lunch break I'm reading the Upanishads or the Gita and as soon as I get home from work I throw down the mat again and do an hour or so of Yin and some more meditation. In the bath I'm reading Roberto Calasso's Ka (Indian mythology novel type thing....what the hell is this book anyway).

I eat lightly, because of Yoga I have a splash of red wine filling the glass up with sparkling water and let the chinchilla out while reading Sankara's take on the Sutra's or perhaps Yinsights or some such yogary thing.

In bed, before I fall asleep I'm looking at Ramaswami's sequences in preparation for the mornings practice.

When did this happen. It used to be an hour of Ashtanga in the morning, some Vippassana in the afternoon and my reading, mostly Heidegger, some cool novel or perhaps some Livy in the bath. I'd play my Sax, listen to some Jazz (when did I last put on a Jazz CD) while working on some Vintage Saxophone. I'd cook, sipping on a nice Red and I'd watch Lost, Dexter or Mad men in the evening while Nietzsche (the chinchilla) ran around. I'd maybe go to Oxford or London on my day off.

Tried to write to a friend this week, she'd told me what she'd been up to and I had no response that wouldn't sound the same as what I'd written to her the week before. At least then I'd been able to tell her I'd been practicing Yoga in a Yurt.

I need to get out more.

What happened to this guy?

PS. Great Karandavasana this morning, or at least the lowering part was, really slow and tight. going up pretty much the same as usual, up but not pretty. oh and did i mention my Kapo..........

Tuesday, 15 September 2009

Vinyasa Krama Hands locked behind back sub-routine leading to drop back

The 'hands locked behind the back' sub-routine is part of the 'On your feet' Vinyasa Krama sequence. In the book the sub-routine comes early, before the forward bends (after the hasta variations in mention in this post ) but I like to do it at the end of my standing forwards bends and lead it into a drop back. This is before my first Sury of the day. After the drop back I do some complete forward bends stretching up and back as far as I can and then folding over. This leads into my long Uttansana and then finally the Surynamaskaras.

I like how the hand positions give you support as you bend back. I never used to be able to hang back for more than a few seconds because I wasn't able to take a breath, this routine has helped me overcome that. I think it's helping with my Kapotasana too,

Sunday, 13 September 2009

Vinyasa Krama Kapotanasana ?

Didn't make it to the Shala this morning. Woke up at 5am but didn't need to be at the station until 6;30 so allowed myself to doze, next thing I knew it was 6;45. Spent the next two hours trying to decide what to practice at home.

I found myself a bit confused, this morning, as to where I was going with my practice. I'd settled into a nice Vinyasa Krama routine, over the last couple of weeks that was evolving and developing nicely. But then I'd practiced that Primary on Tuesday evening on a whim, and loved it ( Plus there were also those amazing videos of Laruga's practice on her blog ). As I was planning on visiting the Shala this morning I practiced Ashtanga for the rest of the week, trying to practice it with Vinyasa Krama in mind, slowing it down, focusing strongly on the breath and finishing with some Pranayama, meditation and even some Chanting.

Reading Yoga Mala again in the week I found those elements stressed by Ramaswami in Vinyasa Krama to be just as emphasised by Jois in his book. Ashtanga, though dynamic as a result of all the full and half Vinyasas still advises long slow, steady inhaling and exhaling and plenty of it. It also recommends you stay in key poses for extended periods, just as Vinyasa Krama does.

Ramaswami recommends that you study and practice the sequences in his book until you've learned them and then develop a practice that best suits you, choosing from the sub-routines in his book and practicing some key postures daily, finishing your practice with Pranayama, Meditation and ideally some chanting. Krishnamacharya developed several such sequences over 70 years ago that we continue to practice today. Perhaps those Ashtanga sequences aren't for everyone but they do seem to pretty much suit me, for now at least.

And yet I also like the flexibility of Vinyasa Krama. I'm becoming familiar with the asanas and sub-routines now and am more able to, occasionally, add postures to my basic practice where I feel they may be beneficial.

For now at least, I'll continue to practice Ashtanga while keeping Vinyasa Krama (and Yoga Mala) firmly in mind. Slowing the practice down as much as possible, with the breath ever paramount. Because of it's dynamism a certain level of fitness is required and once a week doesn't seem to be enough.

So the new plan is to practice Primary and Intermediate twice a week each and Vinyasa Krama the rest of the week pretty much as laid out in the daily practice plan on the blog side bar. I'll continue changing the sequence on those three days while continuing to learn the sequence and improve my understanding of the sub routines.

So in the end, I decided on Intermediate this morning and it turned into a nice practice. Back bends went particularly well. I added a couple more of the back bend asanas from the Bow sequence and managed to come up from Kapo for the first time in ages. I also came up from Urdhva Danurasana for the first time in several months, something I'd just stopped bothering with. It turned into a long practice though, two hours plus another half hour of PMC (Pranayama, Meditation and Chanting).

This is a long slow Kapo build up with a rest, you might want to jump ahead.

Friday, 11 September 2009

Ashtanga Intermediate Vinyasa Krama style

I've called this post Ashtanga Intermediate Vinyasa Krama style, but in light of the last post perhaps I should be calling it Ashtanga Intermediate, Ashtanga style. Most of what I took to characterize Vinyasa Krama relates just as well to Ashtanga as presented in Yoga Mala. The only way it seems to differ is that Ashtanga is a fixed system and Vinyasa Krama a flexible one.

Anyway, this morning I practiced my first Intermediate in a month. The plan was to approach it the same way I approached Thursdays Primary, with particular attention on the breath and bandhas throughout.

As with Thursday's Primary it came out at 90 minutes, half an hour longer than usual. While I loved the slow, steady breathing in Primary it was not exactly something I was looking forward to in 2nd. There are a lot of poses in Intermediate that your really don't look forward to staying in any longer than necessary, it will take some getting used to.

Primary had been fine on Tuesday, perhaps some loss of fitness but not of flexibility. Intermediate was less forgiving of the month off. I found it hard to stay bound on the left side of Pasasana and while Kapo was one of my best ever I wasn't able to come back up from Kapo B. ( though I'd been comfortably able to come up from Laghu V ). My pincha was unsteady and it took me two tries to land Karnadavasana, I wasn't even close to going back up. My right finger kept slipping off in my solo Supta Vaj and I couldn't land my Bakasana B. The Sirasanas were strong though, which I'd expected as I'd been doing a lot of LBH work in VK. Everything else was pretty much the same as usual, slipping out of Mayurasana and dropping my toe as I rolled over in SUPV.

It was a lot less sweaty than usual, breath stayed more regular and overall I enjoyed it, a slower paced 2nd seems to appeal to me.

The plan now is to practice Intermediate twice a week and likewise Primary, plus three days of Vinyasa Krama. I cover most of the Seated and Asymmetric seated sequences in those two Ashtanga series along with Bow sequence. The the VK days I'll focus on the Inverted, Supine and Lotus sequences along with the standing sequences as warm ups. That way I can keep exploring VK and learning the sub-routines.

Tomorrow I'll practice a long, slow Primary again as it looks like I'm making my third ever visit to a shala on Sunday, first time in over a year and my Primary is rusty to say the least.

Thursday, 10 September 2009

Ashtanga Primary in A Vinyasa Krama fame of mind

So as mentioned, Tuesday evening I practiced an unscheduled , spur of the moment Primary. It had been a month, so I practiced along with Kino's DVD and it was just great, mind blowing. I was struck by how fast it was, did I really practice like that, day in day out? Well yes, in fact a little faster even. After a month of Vinyasa Krama with it's long slow breaths it quite blew me away.

This morning I wanted to try and bring Ashtanga and Vinyasa Krama together, try and find a middle ground somehow. As I keep saying, Ashtanga is a Vinyasa Krama practice. It's a series of Sub routines and I'd already noticed that my daily Vinyasa Krama routine had taken on an Ashtanga shape. I would start with a couple of Standing sub-routines and forward bends, a Sury namaskara. I might be practicing some seated and Asymmetric Seated sequences, which are pretty much Primary series anyway then moving on to finishing routines, shoulder stands, headstands etc. So my routine was pretty much Ashtanga Primary anyway.

But what about the approach to the sequences. Vinyasa Krama is a very slow practice, patient build up long slow breaths, a lot of bandha focus.

The build up was less of a concern, I'm already flexible enough to be practicing Primary without too much trouble, I feel comfortable going straight into all the primary poses and besides they follow a pretty logical progression.

The breath wasn't as much of a sticking point as I'd thought. Owl had gone on about the importance of the breath in Ashtanga last week. Some practitioners really stress that aspect in their practice. In my own practice I'd focused on the breath a little but was more concerned with completing my practice before work and had got it down to an hour. This morning I decided to try and slow it down from 60 minutes to around 90. I approached the breath as if I was practicing VK, long slow breaths, especially the exhales which I would hold and engage the bandhas on pretty much everything without a twist( Just been checking out breath and bandhas in the book and it seems bandhas were encouraged on the twists as well but you shouldn't be retaining the breath on the inhale and exhale in VK, supposed to save that for pranayama in classic asanas).

That was fine through Standing but became a little harder once the jump backs and jump through came into play. That could be because my fitness has dropped off a bit or that I'd woken with a cold. I suspect though that my half kino Jump through is just too strenuous for a VK style Ashtanga practice. Half way through I began to find it hard to keep the breath long and slow. I think the answer might be switching to the less strenuous straight leg jump through. I taught myself to do it a couple of months ago but lost it because I didn't practice it every day. I think if I can get that back, it should solve the breath issue.

There are a few poses that Vinyasa krama recommends extended stays. Paschimottanasana, Salamba Savangasana , Sirasana and Maha Mudra. I noticed on Kino's DVD that she said we tend to Stay in headstand and shoulder stand for ten breaths, I'd forgotten that. Ten long slow breaths with bandhas keeps VK happy. There's a long Paschimottanasana anyway in primary but there's also one after backbending which is perfect for an extended stay. Mr Ramaswami suggests doing Mahamudra after the practice as prep for meditation anyway so again this fits nicely.

And that's how I approached my primary this morning. Still dynamic but with the breath, bandhas and the longer stay in poses emphasised. It felt like Ashtanga but also felt like Vinyasa Krama.

The next thing is to see if I can do the same thing with my Intermediate. The plan now is two days Primary and two days Intermediate. Plus, three days of the Vinyasa Krama routine with the Inverted, Supine and Lotus sequences stressed along with the On the feet, Triangle and On one leg sequences as the Standing element, that way I can continue to build familiarity with the sequences.

Wednesday, 9 September 2009

Torn between two lovers

Susan put it perfectly this morning when she said, 'your torn between two lovers'. I looked up ye olde cheesy love song on Youtube.... and then ye olde cheesy lyrics too....

Torn between two lovers
There are times when a woman has to say what's on her mind
Even though she knows how much it's gonna hurt
Before I say another word let me tell you, I love you
Let me hold you close and say these words as gently as I can

There's been another man that I've needed and I've loved
But that doesn't mean I love you less
And he knows he can't possess me and he knows he never will
There's just this empty place inside of me that only he can fill

Torn between two lovers, feelin' like a fool
Lovin' both of you is breakin' all the rules
Torn between two lovers, feelin' like a fool
Lovin' you both is breakin' all the rules

You mustn't think you've failed me
Just because there's someone else
You were the first real love I ever had
And all the things I ever said
I swear they still are true
For no one else can have the part of me I gave to you

I couldn't really blame you if you turned and walked away
But with everything I feel inside, I'm asking you to stay

Torn between two lovers

Feelin' like a fool
Lovin' both of you is breakin' all the rules

So there was talk yesterday of perhaps going along with a friend to a mysore practice in London at the Weekend. It was a bit it out of the blue but I thought why not. Then I thought, bloody hell, haven't practiced primary for a month, need to brush up. So I shifted Kino's Primary back on to my Itouch, chucked it in the speaker and laid out my mat and towel. This was at about quarter to seven last night. The only two thoughts I remember going through my head between then and eight pm were, 'WOW' and 'fast' and perhaps 'oh WOW' and 'Bloody FAST'. And this was Kino, I used practice at Sharath's pace which is a little faster, both primary and intermediate used to take me an dead on an hour each, including Standing, Finishing and my two minute Savasana.

I sweat a kilo and a half. my map was dripping, I was dripping, but I absolutely loved it. There might be some things I question about the practice, but it is marvelous and great great fun. And of course now I'm conflicted.

Originally I'd figured that while shifting the main focus of my practice to vinyasa Krama I would still do Primary and Intermediate one day a week. Then it went down to Primary once a week and then I just seemed to forget about practicing Ashtanga altogether and seemed comfortable with that. But now.....?

Primary is just too great, as Susan said, Torn between two lovers'

And one of them is demanding, very demanding. Primary once a week just isn't going to do it, yesterday half killed me.

So I've been scribbling away, making lists and figure I need to practice Ashtanga at least three times a week, a Primary on Friday, a Primary and half intermediate up to and including Karandavasana on Sunday and a straight Intermediate mid week. The other days can be my Vinyasa Krama routine as usual.

I figure I can slow the Ashtanga down quite a bit, VK breathing and bandha work, include the tadasana sub routine at the beginning in place of two Sury's and finish with the VK winding down beginning with Mahamudra on through Pranayama and meditation in place of the traditional long Savasana. I'll spend an extended period in Shoulder and head stands. I've been practicing Ashtanga too fast anyway, it is a Vinyasa Krama practice, I just need to tweak that aspect out more. I think it's pretty much how many practice their Ashtanga anyway.

Oh and here's Mary MacGregor singing Torn Between Two Lovers ony Youtube, with some really awful lip sync.

Tuesday, 8 September 2009

Leg behind head sub-routine from Vinyasa Krama's Asymmetric seated sequence

Love this sub-routine, it's from this mornings Asymmetric Seated sequence. It comes up half way through and follows a number of Marichiyasana vinyasa's. The Last two asanas come from the 'On one leg sequence' but I find it easier to practice them here.

And here's the video of the above. I kept it to about three long breaths rather than five or six for the recording. Still not completely familiar with the sequence which shows up in some hesitation here and there. Gets a bit raggedy towards the end, the breath especially which is very un VK.

Savasana looks bloody ridiculous from that angle

Monday, 7 September 2009

Vinyasa Krama Lotus Sequence, favourite asanas

The lotus sequence is quickly becoming my favourite. For one thing it has a bit of everything, twists, backbends, shoulder stands, headstands, for another, it has five of my favourite new asanas from Vinysas Krama.

Here they are in order of preference.

5. Padma Mayurasana

This would probably be my second favourite if I could get my lotus up higher or at even a bit straighter. Was disappointed when I saw the picture, it felt better than this.

Thought it was better today, but not that much when I see them next to each other.

4. Padma Pratikriya
Likewise this one, which again feels great when your doing it and felt much more horizontal that in the picture. Checking the name I've just notice the hand position and mine are all wrong, I've still got them in Shoulder stand position and this is stopping me lowering my lotus any further. In the book the hands are turned outwards with the fingers coming around the side. Come to think of it I think Steve made a point of this in one of our lessons.

Had a bit more success today.

3. Supta Padmasana

This just feels great. You can't see in the picture but my hands are linked palms facing outwards.

2. Padma bhujangasana (Lotus Cobra pose)

Think I was told that this was Krishnamachaya's favourite asana. Another wonderful stretch, why does it feel so good to stretch in Lotus.

1. Bhadrasana (peaceful or auspicious pose )

Love this so much that I've added it to my daily fixed practice and do it everyday before Pranayama. The hands can be further up the thigh or closer to the knee. Gives a really nice stretch to the back and is great for practicing all three bandhas.

Sunday, 6 September 2009

Developing a home practice part 26a. Vinyasa Krama Lessons in a Yurt

As I mentioned in Part 25, I'd decided to shift the focus of my practice back to Vinyasa Krama in mid August and already had ten days booked off work for the end of the month. I was struggling with turning Ramaswami's book of sequences into a viable daily practice. After two and a half years of Ashtanga, I needed to keep a clear idea of what it was I was going to be practicing each morning.

I did have something in mind though, I thought I would keep, for now at least, the Ashtanga Standing and finishing sequences practiced in a more Vinyasa Krama way plus a different sequence from the book daily. I tried to organise it so I would be practicing Kapotanasana, Leg behind head and Karandavasana every day. I also wanted to keep one day, my day off, for Primary and 2ND series Ashtanga as I really didn't want to give up practicing Ashtanga altogether. Basically I wanted to have my cake and eat it.

I started looking around for any Vinyasa Krama teachers in the UK and found Steve in Somerset. He had been on a number of Srivatsa Ramaswami workshops and had completed Mr.Ramaswami's Teacher Training course in Chicago a couple of years back. Best of all he also had a Yurt in his back garden and I had a soft spot for Yurts

I contacted Steve and gave him an idea of what I was looking for, a chance to go through some of the sequences and get a better understanding of the practice and to try to work out together a way of approaching a daily practice. We settled on four, 2 hour private lessons. I got a good deal on a room at Bath University staying a campus not unlike my old University in Kent and felt like being a student again, the 50m pool and 24/7 Library were a bonus.

This was actually going to be my first ever yoga lessons, though I'd been to a shala twice before in London for Mysore self practice.

Ashtangi's are used to long hot practices, where we sweat buckets and so dress accordingly. I arrived at Steve's headed up to the Yurt where the mat was laid out ready and started to get undressed. Standing there in my short Nike's I got the feeling for a moment that perhaps Steve wasn't expecting me to strip down so far, Vinyasa Krama is a slower paced practice and he was still fully dressed in sweats, oh well.

The yurt was great, on the way up I had begun to regret asking to work on the Inverted Sequence as I'd always practiced inversions near a wall. Here I was going to be practicing in a larger circular tent. Luckily Steve had what he called a yoga wall built inside the Yurt, so I still had my security blanket.

The first lesson was pretty much taken up with going through the 'On your feet' sequence which is an ideal place to start. It's a pretty much a straight forward standing sequence with a lot of stretching, twisting, back bending, forward bends and squatting postures (including Pasasana). It's an excellent series for focusing on how Vinyasa Krama differs in focus from the Ashtanga practice I was used to. I'd practiced it at home of course and was familiar with the slower pace but here I was being slowed down even further and encouraged ever deeper into the pose. Long slow Ujaii breathing, working into the pose by moving in and out of it on the inhale and exhale, each time going deeper than the last until on the third entry you hold the pose and hold it and hold it and hold it some more. I remember reading about Sharath's workshops (going on in london the same week) On Susan's blog and how he would hold everyone at the bottom of Karanada for long slow counts, well same here except it seemed to be happening on almost every asana. Uttansana was held for five to ten minutes. Steve told me that there were a number of poses that Krisnamacarya had taught Ramaswami to stay in for extended periods, Uttanasana was one of these, tomorrows paschimottanasana was another.

The full 'On your feet' sequence is a long one and took up most of the lesson. Throughout Steve would talk me through the sequence every now and then relating something Ramaswami had said on a workshop or the Teacher training course. At the end of the Sequence I rested in Savasana for a few minutes and then we sat for some Pranayama ( Kapalabhati and Viloma Ujaii) and some Meditation on the breath.

And that was the first lesson, exactly the kind of thing I'd been hoping for. I felt relaxed and comfortable with Steve's teaching and how we were approaching the lessons and was looking forward to tomorrow's Supine Sequence, my favourite.

For Reference

On your Feet sequence
1. Samasthitis 2. hasta vinyasas (arm movements). 3.parsva
bhangis (side poses) 4. ardhauttanasana 5. uttanasana 6.ardha
utkatasana 7. utkatasana 8 malasana 9 pasasana 10. tadasana.
(special sequences from 11th chapter)11.uttanasana-utkatasan routine 12. khagasana 13. suryanamaskara 14. dingnamaskara

Saturday, 5 September 2009

How to turn an Ashtanga practice into a Vinyasa Krama practice for the day

So you've come across Vinyasa Krama, whether here or elsewhere, and feel like giving it a go. You've looked at the book but find so much information your confused, besides you love your Ashtanga, your in a routine and don't want to mess with it too much, your just curious that's all.

Here's a way you can turn your Ashtanga practice into a Vinyasa Krama practice for the day with the least amount of effort or confusion.

In Vinyasa Krama there are a number of Sequences, STANDING ON ONE LEG, TRIANGLE, LOTUS, INVERTED etc. Within those Sequences are sub-routines and in a sense Ashtanga is a collection of these Sub-routines brought together into a series. Within each Sub-routine each pose leads on to the next.

So, some ground rules that could be said to characterize a VK practice

1. Long slow breaths
2. Engaging of Bandhas at end of exhale ( with the exception of twisting asanas)
3. A slow pace to the practice
4. Very few jump backs and Jump throughs enabling you to keep alignment between poses
5. Occasional rests
6. Lead into poses
7. Engage Jalahandra almost throughout (except twisting poses and back bends)

I'll try to keep it as close to the Primary your familiar with as possible.

Before your first Surynamaskara take a moment to stand in Samasthiti and focus on your breath, notice where in your chest you are most aware of the inhale and the exhale. Allow a few normal breaths and then engage Ujaii. After a couple of breaths allow your arms to raise above your head as per usual in Sury A but link your hands and turn the palms upwards and stretch. Allow your arms to drop on the exhale and repeat a couple of times. After about four of these let yourself lightly forward bend on the exhale, not too deeply and then come up on the exhale. Do that a couple of times. Then go into your Surynamaskara as usual but at each stage hold the position for three breaths. So three breaths in Chataurunga and Up and down dog etc.

One Sury is enough. Now drop into Pada Hastasana or Uttanasana but stay there for about five minutes or ten long slow breaths. As a rule your inhale and exhale are the same but in a bend your inhale will be shorter(3-5 seconds), your exhale will be longer and slower (10-15 seconds), at the end of the exhale hold and engage the bandhas before releasing them as you inhale

Utthita tri konasana to Utthita Pasvottanasana is pretty much a TRIANGLE sub routine in Vinyasa Krama anyway, approach each pose gently a couple of time, going in a little deeper each time and hold the third time for 3-6 long slow breaths.

Utthita hasta Padangusthanasana is of course another sub-routine, practice as usual but with slower breaths. Carry on in this way to Dandasana

Once you get to Dandasana, lay down and rest for a couple of minutes in Savasana.

Comeback to Dandasana but before going into Paschimottanasana work into it a couple of times, bend on the exhale and come back up on the inhale, just working yourself gently into the pose. Now exhale into Paschimottanasana and stay there for five minutes or ten long slow breaths, if you want to, engage your bandhas at the end of the exhale but relax them as you inhale. Remember to keep jalahandra throughout.

Now take your Purvottanasana counter pose.

Work through the next section of Primary up to navasana as per usual but without any jump backs and jump throughs, make sure your breath is longer and slower, engage the bandhas if you wish on the forward bends, but not on any of the twisting poses.

Reward yourself with a jump back and jump through.

Take a rest in Savasana after Navasana

Continue through your Primary as usual following these principles, take a jump back and jump through perhaps in between sub-routines say, after Konasana but before the Suptas.

On into finishing as usual following the above principles. Spend a good Five minutes in Salamba Sarvangasana and engage the bandhas if you wish, likewise with Sirasana.

In Padmasana spend a good ten minutes on Pranayama, Kapalabhati 3x36, and then ten rounds of Viloma ujaii if you know them.

If you know any mantras now might be a good time to spend five to ten minutes chanting them

Take a more comfortable meditation pose if necessary and spend ten to twenty minutes in meditation on the breath

And there you have it. Obviously this is a much slower practice so may take twice as long as usual so you might want to drop a couple of sub routines or shorten them to fit it into your schedule.

Remember I'm no teacher and haven't been practicing VK that long, so this is no substitute for getting Srivatsa Ramaswami's book which will of course go into more detail and where you can see more clearly how some of the sub-routines are built up in a slightly different way. However, it should give you a taste for the different pace and focus of the practice though.

Thursday, 3 September 2009

Individual Asana sequences in the book. “The Complete Book of Vinyasa Yoga”

List of individual Asana sequences in the book. “The Complete Book of Vinyasa Yoga”
Mr Ramaswami included thislist at the end of his September newsletter (see yesterdays post) I include it separately for reference purposes.

Chapter I. On your Feet sequence
1. Samasthitis 2. hasta vinyasas (arm movements). 3.parsva
bhangis (side poses) 4. ardhauttanasana 5. uttanasana 6.ardha
utkatasana 7. utkatasana 8 malasana 9 pasasana 10. tadasana.
(special sequences from 11th chapter)11.uttanasana-utkatasan routine 12. khagasana 13. suryanamaskara 14. dingnamaskara

Ch II. Asymmetric Seated Vinyasa Sequence
15 Lead sequence 16. dandasana 17. marichyasana 18.mahamudra
19. ardhapadmasana 20. akarnadhanurasana/cakorasana 21.
ekapadasirsasana 22. triyangmukha 23. marichyasana(advanced) 24.
bharadwajasana 26. Mahabandha 26. matyendrasana 27.return sequence

ChIII. Seated Posterior Stretch Sequence
28.Suptasana/paschimatanasana 29. paschimatanasana 30.
purvatanasana 31. chatushpadapeetam 32. upavishtakonasana 33.
pratikriya 34. samakonasana. 35. baddhakonasana 36 siddhasana
37.gomukkhasana 38.yoganrisimhasana

Ch IV. On One leg Yogasanas
39. bhagiratasana 40. vrikshasana 41. standing mariachi 42.
uttita-padangushtasana 43. virabharasana 44. trivikramasana 45
natarajasana 46. durvasasana. 47.utplutis

Ch V. The Supine Sequence
48. advanced lead sequence 49. tatakamudra 50.jataraparivritti
(simple) 51. apanasana 52. dvipadapitam 53.madhyasetu 54.
urdhvadhanurasana 55. advanced dvipadapitam 56.urdhva-prasarita-pada-
hasta asana 57. supta padangushtasana 58. supta trivikramasana 59.
yoganidrasana 60. jataraparivritti advanced 61. jataraparivritti
advanced II 62. sarvangasana preparation sequence 63. sarvangasana-
advanced lead sequence 64. akunchanasana 65. halasana 66.
urdhvakonasana 67.urdhvapadmasana 68.niralamba sarvangasana
69.halasana-uttana mayurasana 70 sarvangasana-mandala 71.karnapidasana
72. savasana

Ch VI. The Bow Pose Sequence
73. makrarasana 74. mandukasana 75.bhujangasana 76.
rajakapotanasana 77.salabhasana asymmetric 78. salabhasana 79.
vimanasana 80. viparita salabhasana 81. bherundasana 82. dhanurasana-
asymmeric 83. dhanurasana

Ch.VII. The Triangle Pose Sequence
84. Uttita trikonasana 85. parivritta trikonasana 86. uttita
parsvakonasana 87. parsvakonasana 88. virabhadrasana 89. prasarita
padottanasana 90. samakonasana

Ch VIII. The Inverted posture Sequence
91. sirsasana 92. sirsasana vinyasas 93.urdhva padmasana 94.
urdhvadandasana 95. viparitadandasana 96. mandala 97. niralamba
sirsasana 98. vriscikasana 99. viparita vrikshasana (hand stands)

Ch. IX. Meditative Pose Sequence
100. vajrasana lead sequences 101. vajrasana 102. balasana
103. ushtra nishada 104. advanced ushtrasana 105. kapotasana 106.
virasana 107. simhasana

Ch X. The Lotus Pose Sequence
108.ardhapadmasana 109. padmasana 110. utpluti 111.
baddhapadmasana 112. matsyasana 113. urdhvapadmasana 114.
suptapadmasana-simhasana dynamic sequence 115. garbhapindasana 116.
arm balancing poses 117. padmasana-inversions 118.

Ch. XI. Visesha Vinyasa Kramas
119. vasishtasana 120. anjaneyasana 121. halasana-pascimatana-
uttanamayura sequence 122. utplutis

Todays practice, Basic framework plus Lotus Sequence and some adaptions

Nice practice today, playing with the routine a little, feeling more and more comfortable adapting the basic daily framework.

The fixed daily structure is in Block capitals, and where I've adapted it in italics
The alternating floating sequence of the day is in Red

TADASANA subroutine
A few different hasta variations, twists and a little backbending
Added a dropback

Added in Parassaritta Padottanasana and Uttita Padangustasana sub routine here as I knew I'd be doing the Lotus sequence and thought it might be a good idea.
Did some Godasana variations as I'm working on Hanumanasana

SURYNAMASKARA lead in including a three to six breath handstand

Extra jump back and through here

Added in a Maha mudra here as a prep pose for the Lotus sequence and because I like it so much.

LOTUS SEQUENCE (todays alternating sequence)

108.ardhapadmasana 109. padmasana 110. utpluti 111.
baddhapadmasana 112. matsyasana 113. urdhvapadmasana 114.
suptapadmasana-simhasana dynamic sequence 115. garbhapindasan

JUMP BACK lead in (don't get many jump backs now so try to do this one lifting up from dandasana)

APANASANA (prep. pose 1)
DWIPADAPITAM (prep pose 3)

SARVANGASANA Dropped this because I already covered headstands in Lotus

UTTANA MAYURASANA added chakrasana out (very very neat and controlled lately, perhaps because of all the jalahandra)

Some chanting of the Yoga sutras

Took just over 90 minutes

Wednesday, 2 September 2009

A daily Vinyasakrama practice. From Mr Ramaswami's Sept. Newsletter

Given the relevance to my last couple of posts on this topic, I'm reproducing, with permission, the complete article from Mr Ramaswami's September Newsletter.


From September's newsletter

Most of the readers of this newsletter have studied Vinyasakrama Asana
practice with me for varying durations, a weekend program, a weeklong
Core Vinyasa program, a 60 hour complete Vinyasa Yoga program or the
200 hour Teacher Training Schedule. Many people see something unique
about this system, somewhat different from the contemporary mainstream
yoga. Most have read the “Complete Book of Vinyasa Yoga” book and
finally ask the question, what next? How can I do a daily practice
from these sequences? There are more than 700 asanas/vinyasas and I
normally recommend doing each vinyasa three times. At the rate of
about 4/5 movements per minute (it could be even 3 per minute for good
breathers), it could take about 8 to 9 hours to do the complete
vinyasakrama. Then my Guru would commend doing a short stint of
Pranayama, say for about 15 to 30 mts and then chanting or meditation
for another 15 to 30 mts, daily. We also have to consider that in
asana practice, there are a few heavy weight poses which require one
to stay for a long time. So it is almost impossible to practice all of
it everyday even by a full time ‘practice-live-and-sleep-in-yoga mat’
yogi. The book was written to give as complete as possible, a
presentation of all the vinyasas in a series of sequences that is
logical and easy to learn, as I learnt from my Guru. It is a book for
learning the system. Any serious student of yoga who would spend years
studying and teaching yoga should have in one’s repertoire as many
asanas, vinyasas and logical sequences (krama) as possible. So, one
should firstly study the entire range of asanas and vinyasas of the
vinyasakrama system from a teacher say in the 60 hr vinyasakrama
program. Then note down all the vinyasas that are a bit difficult to
do. One should practice daily for half hour to one hour as many
vinyasas as possible following the recommended sequence, with special
emphasis on the difficult ones. In about six months to one year of
consistent practice one would be comfortable with the system, the
sequences and especially the required synchronous breathing. This
would complete the learning process. Then one may prepare a green list
of asanas and vinyasas one would be able to do and wants to practice
regularly. There will be another list, amber list which would contain
those vinyasas which are difficult now but one would like to practice
them even if they are somewhat imperfect. Then there would be another
red list which will contain procedures that are not appropriate or
possible for the practitioner—which could probably be taken up in the
next janma. Then it would be time for concentrating on using
vinyasakrama for daily practice and also teaching to individuals for
their daily yoga practice.

Adapting yoga to individual requirements is an art by itself. We must
understand that there is no one standard practice that is suitable to
everyone. In medicine you have to give different treatment to
different patients; what is suitable to one suffering from digestive
problem would be different from the one that is suitable for one who
is suffering from some low back pain. According to an important motto
of Krishnamacharya, yoga for children and the adolescents (growth
stage) is different from yoga practice in their midlife which again is
different from the practice in old age. The body, mind and goals
change during different stages of life. Sri Krishnamacharya’s teaching
is based on this principle as we could discern from his works, Yoga
Makaranda and Yoga Rahasya.
Basically yoga for kids and young adults will have a considerable
amount of asana vinyasa practice -- many vinyasas, difficult poses,
etc. It will help them to work out the considerable rajas in their
system and proper growth (vriddhi). Of course they should also
practice some pranayama and meditation or chanting. For the midlife
yogi, the practice will still include some asana, but specifically
some of the health giving and restorative postures like the
Inversions, Paschimatanasana, Mahamudra, etc., in which poses one may
be required to stay for a longer period of time. There will be more
emphasis on Pranayama and then more meditation, chanting, worship etc.
When I started studying with my Guru I was 15 years old. During the
beginning years of my study it was mostly difficult asanas and
vinyasas. Swing throughs, jump arounds, utplutis etc and other fun
filled unique sequences were the order of the day. As I grew up, my
teacher slowly but surely changed the mix, focus and direction of my
yoga practice. On the last day I was with him (I was close to 50 then)
it was just chanting of Surya Namaskara (Aruna) mantras for the entire
duration with him. During the third stage of life, the old age, the
emphasis is usually spiritual and/or devotional even as one is
required to do some simple movements and pranayama.
And within the group, the daily practice can be varying depending upon
the requirements and goals set forth by the yogi for herself/himself.
For instance, for the midlife yogi, the main goal will be to maintain
good physical and mental health, rather than being able to stand, say,
on one leg or even on one hand (Of course the child in me wants to do
that). He/She would like to avoid risky movements so that the practice
would be safe and does not cause injuries—immediate or cumulative. Too
much exertion (kayaklesa), like several rounds of continuous,
breathless Suryanamaskaras again should be avoided, says Brahmananda
in his commentary on Hatayogapadipika. A few may be more inclined to
have some spirituality thrown in. Many would like to develop the
ability to and the habit of visiting the peace zone of the mind daily.
There are some who are more rajasic or tamasic in which case the mix
of asana and pranayama should be properly adjusted, sometimes taking
care of even the day to day variations of the gunas. It requires some
careful attention in deciding a particular day’s practice. Hence, to
suggest a practice of a set of asanas or a routine for everyone
irrespective of the age, condition, temperament and goal is incorrect.
Such an approach does not take into consideration not only the
versatility and richness of orthodox, traditional vinyasakrama yoga
practice but also does not take the varying factors of individual
requirements. Sri Krishnamacharya’s yoga can appropriately be termed
as ‘Appropriate Yoga’.
However, as a general rule, for the serious mid-life yogi, a daily
practice of about 90 mts to 2 hrs will be necessary and sufficient.
Here is modifiable one. After a short prayer, one could do a brief
stint of Tadasana doing the main vinyasas two or preferably three
times each. It should take about ten minutes. Then one subsequence in
the asymmetric could be taken up, say Marichyasana or Triyangmukha or
the half lotus. The choice may be varied on a daily basis. Five minute
stay in Paschimatanasana and the counter poses may be practiced. Then
one may do preparation of Sarvangasana and a brief stay in it,
followed by headstand stay for about 5 to 10 minutes or more and then
staying in Sarvangasana for 5 to 10 more minutes, if one can do
inversions. Paschimatanasana, Sarvangaana and Headstand are to be
practiced preferably daily for their health benefits. If time permits
one may do few vinyasas in these inversions. One may do a subsequence
of Triangle pose like warrior pose and /or one sequence in one legged
pose. Mahamudra for about 5 minutes each on both sides can then be
practiced. Why are these important? In an earlier article I had tried
to explain the unique health benefits of the twin inversions. . In
fact the inversions, Sirsasana and Sarvangasana are mudras, the
viparitakarani mudras. I remember my Guru asking us to do
Paschimatanasana sequence quite often-- it is said to be an important
pose for Kundalini Prabhoda, especially when the bandhas are also done
and the pelvic muscles/floor are drawn towards the back. You could
also observe that Paschimatanasan helps to stretch all the muscles and
tissues in the posterior portion (as the name of the asana indicates)
of the body where there are heavy muscles--thighs calves, glutei etc.
Mahamudra as the name indicates is considered to be the best/great of
Mudras. It is believed that it helps to direct the prana into the
sushumna as it is supposed to block the ida and pingala separately.
Aided by Jalandharabandha, it also helps to keep the spine straight
Then sitting in Vajrasana or Padmasana after doing some movements one
should do a suitable variant of Kapalabhati, say for about 108 times
and then an appropriate Pranayama, Ujjayi, Nadisodhana or Viloma with
or without mantras for about 15 minutes to be followed by five minutes
Shanmukhimudra and then chanting or meditation of about 15 minutes.
The efficacy of Pranayama on the whole system and mind cannot be
overemphasized. Please read the article on “Yoga for the Heart”, in an
earlier newsletter... It refers to the benefits of Pranayama to the
heart and the circulatory system.
If interested, one may allocate an additional 30 minutes (or practice
at another time in the day, say, in the evening) during which time one
may practice a few subroutines from the other scores of sequences that
have not been included in this core yoga practice. Even though the
book contains 10 main sequences, the reader will be able to discern
more than a hundred asana sequences, each one having a unique
structure. In fact each chapter is a major sequence (wave) of many
specific sequences (ripples), which itself is made up of a few vinyaas
(dops of water). Then the whole book is a mega sequence (tide) of
major sequences in the ocean of Yoga. If you take Tadasana itself,
there are firstly the hasta vinyasas, then, parsva bhangis, different
uttanasanas, utkatasana, pasasana and finally the tadasana. Each
subroutine itself may have anywhere between 3 to even 20 vinyasas. So
there is considerable versatility in the system. It is better to stick
to the integrity of the subroutines (like Ushtrasana, Virabhadrasana
or Vrikshasana for instance), as enunciated in the book. Thus we have
a variable component and a fixed component in the daily practice.
Everyday before the start of the practice the yogi should take a
minute and decide on a definite agenda and as far as possible try to
stick to the agenda. What asanas and vinyasas, which pranayama and how
many rounds and other details should be determined before hand and one
should adhere to it. It brings some discipline and coherence to one’s
practice. It is customary to end the practice with peace chant.

Adapting vinyasakrama to individual requirements can be termed as
viniyoga krama. For instance when my Guru gets a middle aged person or
a nine year old with specific condition like scoliosis, he would
design a specific program to the individual requirement. Almost
everyone who comes to him will have a routine developed which will not
be the one that is given to someone else. I have written about the
family class we had with my Guru when we started learning from him.
During the same time period he would teach different vinyasas, poses
and procedures to each one of us, my older father, my somewhat heavy-
set mother, my supple, talented younger sister, my more challenged
brother and me. One reason why people nowadays look for a definite
routine is because a few of the more popular vinyasa systems have a
very small number of regimented sequences which are taught over and
over again almost to all students. So there is a mindset that there
should be a rigid sequence that is applicable for everyone, but that
is not the way we learnt yoga from my Guru. Firstly the teacher should
learn the whole system and then apply it to individuals as per the
requirements -- pick and choose those vinyasa sequences, pranayama and
meditation practices, dietary requirements, etc.. The question that is
to be answered is what does the practitioner want/need and how should
the yoga routine be designed to get the required benefit. Vinyasakrama
is like a yoga supermarket, and each one should put into the cart what
one needs. And the term Vinyasakrama includes not just asanas but also
other aspects of yoga like pranayama, meditation, etc. It is a
progression of different aspects of Yoga. The Vinyasakrama has a huge
collection of asana vinyasas, a well stocked section on Pranayama,
then the meditation department and a spiritual study/contemplation
section as well. So a lot of initiative should be taken by the
individual consumer, like our practitioner who should take the
responsibility of working out with the teacher how to design an
intelligent purposeful yoga practice pertaining to oneself. To reduce
Vinyasakrama to a standard routine as is done with several other
contemporary Vinyasa systems and put it in a straight jacket is not
desirable. I have explained these ideas to many participants of the
longer versions of the programs and thought to touch upon them for the
general reader who would be wondering how to force the VK elephant (or
a camel) into the needle’s eye of daily practice.

There are some friends who after completing the program take a few
private lessons to tailor-make the VK system to their requirements. We
discuss about their physical conditions and mental makeup, age,
obesity, pulse rate, blood pressure, breath rate and breathing
constraints, general disposition, time availability, stress levels,
etc., and design a routine for their benefit. Because there is a
bewildering array of vinyasas, pranayama methods, mantras, etc., we
have a better choice of designing and fine-tune a program suitable to
the particular individual. If there is problem with VK it is a problem
of plenty.
There are a few serious practitioners who have their daily routine cut
out, but then do the complete vinyasakrama separately say in the
evening for about an hour so that they could go through all the
vinyasa sequences in a span of one week. In vedic chanting, the
Taittiriya saka , consists of about 80+ chapters and it would take
about 40 to 45 hours to chant the whole. Those who have learnt the
entire Taittiriya Saka duing their childhood, have to keep chanting
them all their lives. They do it by doing chanting for about 1 to 1 ½
hours per day so that they could complete it in a Mandala or about 40
days. Similarly Carnatic musicians learn several songs, but for their
practice they take a few songs per day and over a period of several
weeks they would cover all the songs they had learnt. Likewise the
yoga practice can be varied and rich. The rich variety makes it
possible to maintain abiding interest in a personal Yoga Practice at
home. It does not become a chore.
A list of more than 120 asana vinyasa routines contained in the book,
“The Complete Book of Vinyasa Yoga” is added as a post script. Based
on the discussion above on the criteria for daily practice you may
decide on your daily routine by picking specific asana sequences and
have a unique program made specifically for you and by you every day.
Please stick to the integrity of the sequences in the asana. If you
teach, you may modify them for persons who are sick or physically
challenged. Pranayama, inversions, paschimatana mahamudra and
meditation may be included for sure. You have myriad possibilities.
There is no one rigid universal daily practice routine in Vinyasakrama
as I have explained.

Srivatsa Ramaswami

If you would like to read articles contained in previous newsletters
here is the link

Tuesday, 1 September 2009

Developing a home practice Part 25 Vinyasa Krama and what happened in August?

So August I pretty much took a break from blogging with the intention of focusing on one pointedness in my Intermediate and meditation practise. I wanted to get over the growing dissatisfaction I'd been feeling with my practise and 'learn to love Intermediate'

The first couple weeks went well enough I guess, I was practising Intermediate everyday, meditating everyday and it was going OK. A few times I'd thought about doing a Vinyasa Krama sequence but I'd committed myself to this month of Intermediate so didn't want to go against that. Instead I tried to do a Vinyasa Krama version of Intermediate. Slow it down a little, make the breaths longer deeper, retain the breath and hold the exhale and tried to focus on engaging the bandhas more.

All those jump backs and jump through's started to feel like they were getting in the way though, can you imagine ME getting irritated with jump backs. I was trying to fit a round peg in a square hole , or was it the other way around. It wasn't that there was anything wrong with Ashtanga, with Intermediate even, it was just me, I was in a different place. I took a morning off practise and the following morning I did the Ashtanga standing and finishing but put the Vinyasa Krama Asymmetric seated sequence in the middle. I loved it and did the same the following day but changing the VK sequence and again the next day and the next. It just felt right.

I've heard it said the Vinyasa Krama is a gentle practise but I've not particularly found that myself, I find it very intense more intense than Ashtanga even, the bandhas, the breath, they generate a lot of heat. When you really focus on the breath, on those long deep, slow Ujaii breaths and engaging the bandhas fully on the held exhale it becomes very powerful. Many of the asana in VK are in 2nd, 3rd and even 4th series Ashtanga, but because they are introduced, logically, building on each other I found there were very few asanas that were beyond my flexibility allowing me to get deep into the sequences and these sequences allowed me to get even deeper into the asanas. I was hooked.

In June when I explored Vinyasa Krama briefly, though I loved the sequences, I didn't see how I could turn it into a daily practise and went back to Ashtanga. This time I was determined to find a way to make it my daily practise. I continued to sandwich a VK sequence between an adapted Ashtanga standing and finishing both of which are suited to the VK treatment. When you look at them the standing and finishing are the same Asana sequence of Vinyasa Krama sub-routines. We have Surynamaskara then an Uttanasana sub-routine, a Triangle sub-routine, an on one leg Sub-routine and then a warrior sub-routine. In finishing there's a supine sub-routine, an inverted sub-routine and a lotus sub-routine, you just need to add the VK treatment of breath and bandha.

I had 10 days booked off work already, I found a Vinyasa Krama teacher in the UK and headed off for a week of four 121, 2 hour lessons. I want to go into this in more detail later but for now I just want to say it was the best thing I could have done. In each lesson we would go through a sequence or two of the shorter ones. S. who had been on Ramaswami's 200 hour TT course, would adjust me here and there and point out certain things that Ramaswami had stressed. Some asana he kept me in for a long time, working on slowing down and deepening the breath and engaging the bandhas. Towards the end of the lesson we looked at Pranayama, some chanting and discussed some of the philosophical issues, the sutra's, meditation practise etc.

We discussed developing a daily practise and S. indicated the poses that Ramaswami and his teacher, Krishnamacarya before him, had stressed as being of importance and deserving to be practised every day and remaining in for a considerable time. The evening before my last lesson I came up with a way of building my practise around those key poses (calling them poses here rather than asana because one of them, Maha Mudra is a Mudra rather than an actual asana), that would allow me to explore and learn more fully all the different sequences from Ramaswami's book.

And that's pretty much where I am now. I had planned on practising Ashtanga one day a week but noticed that when I planned out my week I hadn't included it. A couple of weeks ago I couldn't bare the thought of giving up Ashtanga altogether, now it feels like it might be a distraction. Perhaps I'll reintroduce a day in a couple of months.

In a sense Ashtanga IS applied Vinyasa Krama, perhaps we can think of it as EARLY Krishnamacarya. A practise developed by Krishnamacarya and Sri k Patarbhi Jois, that Guruji then went on to develop in his own shala and latter adapt perhaps to the Western influence. Although there's still a focus on the breath in Ashtanga, with the main focus on the flowing from one asana to the next something had to give. The dynamic aspect of Ashtanga demanded that the extended stay in Asanas be sacrificed along with the slow, building up of asanas. The demands of a daily fixed sequence that could be practised in 60-90 minutes meant the sacrifice of hundreds asana both important in their own right and those important as preparatory poses, as well as a diaspora of asana over the different series. And it's a wonderful practise, a piece of genius but not of course for everyone at every stage of their physical and mental lives.

It was that dynamic fixed aspect of Ashtanga that allowed me to develop the discipline to practise every day and helped me go from being unfit and overweight to being in pretty good shape. It appealed to the 'warrior narrative' perhaps. I don't know if encountering Vinyasa Krama two years ago would have had the same effect. I think I would have become confused and frustrated and probably given up.

Again this is something that I hope to develop in another post but a quick mention here. Chanting, who'd have thought it. I never expected to become attracted to chanting, Pranayama yes, always wanted to explore Pranayama and I'm so glad that it's importance is stressed in Vinyasa Krama. I've included 10 minutes of Pranayama as part of my daily practise and have taken to practising it twice a day, but chanting.

In Vinyasa Krama Ramaswami has a version of the sun salutation that included the Sun salutation chant. The idea is that at each stage of the Surynamaskara you retain the breath and chant the three different mantras in your head before moving on to the next element of the salute. He has a sound file of the chant on his website and I managed to put it on my itouch. I couldn't stop listening to it and found myself humming it all day, mumbling little bits of it here and there. I've started learning to chant the yoga sutras, and am loving it which is also making the Sutra's themselves come a little more alive for me. I came across Sankara's treatment of them which appeals to the Heideggarian in me.

Yoga Sutra's.....

And of course meditation. While I was practising Vippassana there felt like a bit of a gulf between my Yoga practise and my meditation practise, two different traditions. I tried to work Vippassana into my practise but it didn't fit so well. A short while ago I started to focus on the samadhi aspect of my meditation and on Jhanas, and lo and behold what do I find in the sutra's but Pratyahara, dharana, dhyana, now they sound very similar to the discussions you find around Jhana.

So it's all coming together, a fuller more integrated practise. feels like a good place to be in.